Europe » Poland
Gay Guide Poland
The age of consent for all in Poland is 15 and was introduced in 1932. The Polish Constitution prohibits discrimination on all grounds. Marriage is restricted to a man and a woman only. Poland joined the European Union on the 1st of May 2004 and adopted anti-discrimination provisions laid down by EU directives. In the 2014 mayoral election in Slupsk, openly gay candidate Robert Biedron was fiercely opposed by the Catholic Church and parties on the far right, even including physical attacks on him during the election campaign. But he nonetheless won it in the second ballot round with a surprisingly large majority. Surely no positive changes to be expected in Poland with the newly elected right-wing Law and Justice Party, which is staunchly opposed to LGBT rights, and maybe problems with organizing pride marches, like it was between 2005-7. It could be also tougher to conduct gender and sexuality research at universities. The party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski fears that "the affirmation of homosexuality will lead to the downfall of civilization". Poland is already lagging behind most of Western Europe on LGBT rights, providing no recognition of same-sex relationships, banning same-sex marriage and adoption. The newly elected president, Andrzej Duda, is also from Law and Justice Party and shortly before elections he vetoed the new gender recognition bill. In recent years, the Gay Pride Parades have either been prohibited or were confronted with hostile counter-demonstrators if they did go ahead. The era of prohibitions at least is now over. On July 17 2010 the EuroPride took place in Warsaw with over 10 000 participants who marched through out the streets of Poland’s capital. There was no violence. There are three Pride Festivals (with Pride Marches) in Poland: in April in Krakow called Queer May in June in Warsaw called Equality Days and in November in Poznan - Equality and Tolerance Days. The gay scene is mainly located Warsaw, although some other large cities like Krakow, Lodz, Poznan, Wroclaw and Gdansk have an emerging gay scene.
Cities in Poland
Name: Polska · Polen · Pologne · Polonia
Location: Eastern Europe
International country code: 48
International access code: 0 (wait for tone) 0
Area: 312,685 km² / 120,727 sq mi.
Currency: 1 New Zloty (Zl) = 100 Groszy
Religions: 87% Roman Catholic
Climate: Continental climate. The best time to visit is late spring (May & Jun) or late summer (Jul-Sep).
Important gay cities: Warszawa, Tricity (Gdansk, Gdynia, Sopot)